Why Do We Dream?

Deep blue night sky with the Milky Way over the forest and trees surrounding the scene. copyrights of https://valleysleepcenter.com

For the past three nights, he was continuously in my dreams, in which he tried to convey a similar message. Last night, another dream came which was unrelated to him. In my dream, I was in New Delhi. I have never liked New Delhi since my childhood. New Delhi is Altaf’s favorite place, but the beautiful valley is always my favorite place. It was always in my mind that New Delhi takes our favorite people away from us. I think my thoughts about New Delhi were because of an international airport. I’m not too fond of Delhi because it is over-populated and over-polluted now. I always have difficulty breathing due to excessive humidity. People don’t respect your personal space at all there. The people who live in the city may not have those problems, but I’m not fond of it due to being a country girl.
What was I doing in New Delhi in my dream? I could understand if I dreamt about the Valley. I was a young girl in my dream, and my mother had sent me to buy some milk. Instead of going home after I picked up the milk, I started to play with my friends. A strange man was cooking some Nans. The whole milk had spilled on the floor in the process of playing and cooking. I was afraid of going back home without milk, so my friends suggested I buy it again. One girl has directed me to a store where I could buy milk. Interestingly, as I entered a suggested street, everything had changed now. All the street names were American. I passed through many shops, but all those were American shops. There was no Indian shop in New Delhi. However, I could not find a milk shop. Somebody told me that the milk shop was 74 miles away. However, on my way home, I had prescribed some medications to unknown patients. Neither I could find the milk store, nor I reached home. It was a strange dream.

Why do we dream while sleeping? So, I have conducted some research to solve the mystery of dreams. In ancient times, people thought dreams were a connection between God and humans. Romans and Greeks had their ideas that dreams are related to prophetic powers. The scientists could not help themselves, so they also studied to interpret the dreams scientific way. In the 19th century, Scientists Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung presented a modern theory behind dreams. They had connected dreams to psychological views and repressed the idea that dreaming allows us to sort through unresolved and repressed wishes.
However, advancement in science also has given different theories about dreams. One well-known neurobiological theory, “Activation-Synthesis- Hypothesis,” has suggested that dreams are merely electrical brain impulses that pull random and imaginary thoughts from our memories. Another neurobiological theory, “The Threat Simulation Theory,” suggests that dreaming is related to ancient biological defense mechanisms that provided an evolutionary advantage because of its capacity to repeatedly simulate potentially threatening events – enhancing the neuro-cognitive mechanisms required for efficient threat perception and avoidance.

Neuroscientists have made significant development about why humans get dreams. They have used specific tools and study groups. They have conducted their research on real people using modern technology such as MRI, EEG, and sleep study. The University of Rome, the Italian Research Team, and Matthew Walker at the Sleep and Neuroimaging Lab at UC Berkeley have conducted different studies on human dreams. The human frontal lobe encodes and retrieves autobiographical memories seen while we are awake. The researcher also has found a relationship between our memories and emotions, which come as dreams while we are in our REM sleep.
I often have painful nightmares. Very seldom, I get good dreams. I suffer a lot due to my painful nightmares. Some of my dreams came true later on.

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